What’s the difference between socialism and communism?

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Socialism is when the state (i.e the people) controls the means of production (factories, land, etc), rather than those being privately owned under capitalism.

Communism actually refers to a stateless classless society which is the end goal of socialism, but the word today is generally just used to mean socialism.

The USSR was led by the communist party and was striving for communism, but it was a socialist country when it existed.

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